Solar Air-heating Systems 101: Cigas Machine Shop

A total of 1084 m2 (11,670 sf) of black, transpired solar collector
wall panels were installed at the Cigas Machine Shop in
Pottstown, Pennsylvania.
Photo courtesy ATAS International

The Cigas Machine Shop in Pottstown, Pennsylvania, is located in a building previously owned by the Bethlehem Steel Corporation, with parts of the structure dating back to the late 1880s. Back in that era, Bethlehem Steel was involved in the production of fabricated components used in the construction of the Golden Gate and many other familiar bridges.

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Solar Air-heating Systems 101: Ensuring efficient and economical renewable energy

All images courtesy ATAS International

A transpired solar collector system utilizes perforated metal wall cladding to heat outside fresh air via sunlight. This technology can help reduce winter heating costs by approximately 30 percent, qualify for government grants and incentives for renewable energy, and generally has a payback of three to eight years. These types of systems have been used on a wide variety of facility types, in both new construction and retrofit applications. Buildings with a large volume of air to heat, and/or requiring a high number of fresh air exchanges are excellent candidates for a transpired solar collector.

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Designing for Comfort & IAQ: Air distribution per ASHRAE 55 and 62.1

Photo © BigStockPhoto/Pavel Losevsky

The goal of a room air distribution system is to provide thermal comfort and a healthy living environment for occupants in the space. This article looks at designing such assemblies for comfort and indoor air quality (IAQ) per ASHRAE 55 and 62.1. It examines the common method of overhead distribution, but focuses on partially mixed (i.e. most under floor air distribution [UFAD]) and fully stratified (i.e. displacement ventilation) systems.

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Being Radiant: Planning in-slab hydronic heating and cooling

Photo © Tim Griffith

In-slab hydronic radiant heating and cooling systems, along with downsized forced-air systems, are gaining popularity as a means of optimizing thermal comfort while reducing energy consumption. Typically designed in conjunction with radiant heating, radiant cooling systems circulate cooled water through the same network of pipes where warm water circulates during the heating season. This network of pipes can turn the floors, walls, and ceilings of a conditioned space into cooled surfaces that evenly absorb heat energy.

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Designing to Prevent Infection

Photo © BigStockPhoto/Frank Boston

U.S. healthcare organizations increasingly face the most daunting medical challenge since the pre-antibiotic age thanks to an aging population and ever-increasing multi-drug resistant and environmentally adaptive pathogens. Architects and designers have an important role in providing successful patient care. They may design an environment that inadvertently accumulates, propagates, and circulates pathogens or one which is the best ally in continually mitigating the bioburden that spreads disease. What should be done?

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Avoiding Problems in Aquatics Facilities: Atypical design for atypical buildings

Photo © BigStockPhoto/Nikita Sobolkov

There are many issues to consider when designing a natatorium, including the choice of structural systems, building enclosure components, mechanical systems, and the operation of adjacent spaces in multi-use facilities. The intent of this article is to discuss the typical problems that the authors have investigated in over a dozen existing natatoriums and provide practical guidance for avoiding those problems through diligent and careful design and construction.

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