Cleanrooms present unique design challenges because they must meet specific requirements that go beyond what is encountered in a typical commercial space. When specifying HVAC equipment in a critical environment such as a cleanroom, engineers must consider the key issues of air filtration, humidity control, and pressurization.
Cold temperatures and disruptive precipitation create problems every year. When it comes to heating spaces, the challenge tends to be how to do it effectively and efficiently. Historically, maintaining a desirable indoor environment in cold climates has put industry professionals to the test.
Building information modeling (BIM) is opening up new opportunities for the construction industry. Its adoption differs across various regions, but architects, consultants, engineers, and contractors are realizing the benefits of this new, collaborative way of designing, constructing, and maintaining a building. Heat-tracing systems are one building component taking advantage of BIM. As a solution that ensures comfort and contributes to life safety, it requires special attention.
Experts believe as many as one-third of all school students miss up to 33 percent of the oral communication that occurs in the classroom. (M. Nixon’s 2002 article, “Acoustical Standards Begin to Reverberate: Controlling Noise within School Facilities,” was posted on the web at School Construction News Online).