A California air-control manufacturer serving data processing centers sought Title 24 compliance with a reroofing project that replaced old, fiberglass skylight units with 30 Underwriters Laboratories (UL)-listed smoke vents and 58 industrial skylights.
Museums employ two key strategies for lighting works of art: daylighting and artificial or electric lighting. (The author would like to thank Thomas Holzmann and Gregory Weithman, AIA, for their contributions to this article.)
As long as humans have built shelters, windows have been an important design element to bring in daylight. In the second half of the 20th century buildings became larger, deeper, and increasingly isolated occupants from the outside world.
When specifying glazing solutions for vision, sound, light, and heat control, design actions often come down to a choice between integrated louvers and integrated blinds. Knowing the difference between the two—and which option may be more suitable for an application— is critical.