Waterproofing below-grade portions of buildings is increasingly important to owners as technological advancements and limited city space have pushed basements deeper into the ground and further into water tables.
When materials like concrete are constrained to prevent volume changes, large internal forces and stresses develop. Therefore, it is important for architects and engineers to work together to avoid inappropriately constraining building materials.
Building owners, designers, and residents/tenants are increasingly using exposed polished concrete floors for a variety of interior spaces because of its pleasing aesthetics. A polished concrete topping slab can be used to also encase embedded hydronic heating systems.
Below-grade construction with shotcrete is gaining popularity across the country. The trend of using shotcrete instead of conventional cast-in-place (CIP) concrete can be attributed to the lower construction cost and time saved by not having to place and remove formwork.
Wood flooring offers more advantages than just aesthetic appeal in both homes and commercial settings. It is easy to clean and is significantly more stain-resistant than carpeting. Wood is also strong and durable, and if properly cared for, its hard surface can last for decades.