Be careful with flow-down provisions

A flow-down provision states the terms of the contract at a higher tier are also binding on the lower-tier contractor. For instance, the subcontract between the general contractor and the electrical installer usually contains a flow-down provision stating the terms and conditions.
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The architect as initial decision-maker

All claims and disputes between the owner and the contractor on projects using American Institute of Architects (AIA) A232, General Conditions of the Contract for Construction must be submitted to a first-fact-finder for investigation and a written decision before proceeding to mediation or arbitration.
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