Older masonry structures from many eras, including libraries, town halls, commercial blocks, and school buildings stand at the geographic center of many communities, holding symbolic meaning and serving varied needs and purposes. As they age, many begin to show the effects of neglect, weather and deferred maintenance on their façades, foundations, and roof assemblies.
Adaptive reuse is a process of retrofitting old buildings for new uses allowing structures to retain their historic integrity while providing for occupants’ modern needs. These projects preserve what’s best about historic properties, but develop them in a way that is modern and usable, and infuse new life into historic buildings.
Displaced, cracked, and out-of-plane brick units were observed at the brick façade of a parking garage in a Midwestern city. The façade of the garage consisted of brick masonry veneer installed over a concrete masonry unit (CMU) backup wall. Openings made during an investigation revealed light-gauge, corrugated brick ties connected the brick veneer to the CMU back-up wall and concrete structure of the garage.
Analytical cookies are used to understand how visitors interact with the website. These cookies help provide information on metrics the number of visitors, bounce rate, traffic source, etc.
The _ga cookie, installed by Google Analytics, calculates visitor, session and campaign data and also keeps track of site usage for the site's analytics report. The cookie stores information anonymously and assigns a randomly generated number to recognize unique visitors.
This cookie is installed by Google Universal Analytics to restrain request rate and thus limit the collection of data on high traffic sites.
A variation of the _gat cookie set by Google Analytics and Google Tag Manager to allow website owners to track visitor behaviour and measure site performance. The pattern element in the name contains the unique identity number of the account or website it relates to.
Installed by Google Analytics, _gid cookie stores information on how visitors use a website, while also creating an analytics report of the website's performance. Some of the data that are collected include the number of visitors, their source, and the pages they visit anonymously.
YouTube sets this cookie via embedded youtube-videos and registers anonymous statistical data.