When ceramic or stone tile is the flooring of choice for a project, specifiers have a tremendous resource in the Handbook for Ceramic, Glass, and Stone Tile Installation. It is published yearly by the Tile Council of North America (TCNA).
Insulating glass (IG) units—or IGUs—have come a long way in the past 70 years. Originally mass-produced in the early 1940s to decrease noise and increase passenger comfort in Pullman railroad cars, the technology has transcended that mobile application.
Window walls eventually fail under repeated occurrences of causes like loads, movement, stress fatigue, and the degradation of material properties due to aging. How can one simply anticipate the ‘causes’ and then design to eliminate them in the first place?
In the December 2014 issue of The Construction Specifier, Dean Lewis wrote about the North American Fenestration Standard/Specification for Windows, Doors, and Skylights’s (NAFS’) short-form specification. American Architectural Manufacturers Association/Window and Door Manufacturers Association/Canadian Standards Association (AAMA/WDMA/CSA) 101/I.S. 2/A440, serves as the basis for product certification as required by the International Building Code (IBC).